For centuries the roaring crowds, rumbling hooves and energetic buzz of the stands has drawn people in their masses to the racecourse.
The historic sport of horseracing not only holds a unique place in British culture, but in the story of Elmbridge in particular. Since the opening of Sandown and Hurst Park in 1875 and 1890 respectively, this Great British pastime has been at the heart of Elmbridge’s identity.
Racecourses have often been scenes for both celebration and controversy. This Borough is no exception. As the home of two major racecourses, important tales of fame and conflict in Elmbridge’s history have been played out on their stages.
Explore the variety of projects Elmbridge Museum has developed as part of A Day At The Races below in the following order:
A Day At The Races exhibition at Dittons Library
'Ask the Expert' Interviews with Horseracing Historian Stewart Nash
From the Archive: Sandown & Hurst Park in Pictures
COMING SOON: 'Hidden Treasures' Object Video
Activity: Horseracing Word-search
A Day At The Races exhibition
Dittons Library, Thames Ditton
'A Day at the Races' exhibition in the Dittons Library computer room.
This exhibition is now on display in the computer room at Dittons Library until May 2021.
Want to take a closer look at the wonderful array of items - from horse skulls to Victorian riding boots - on display?
Look below to discover a selection of the stories, historic objects and photographs from Hurst Park and Sandown featured in the exhibition. Beginning with their origins at the Starting Line, over challenging Hurdles, and through to the Home Straight and Finishing Line in the modern day.
'The Starting Line' Clockwise from Top Left: Print from original watercolour of horse and jockey entitled "Into the First Turn", by John Skeaping; Wooden horse and jockey, mounted; Engraving of men at Sandown, c. 1890s; Photo of crowds in the Grandstand at the Sandown races, 1890s; Photo of advert for Hurst Park meeting at Lord Hotham pub, 1910; Five Hurst Park Club badges, 1911.
THE STARTING LINE
Competitive horseracing began in the 1600s during the reign of James I, who established the tradition at Newmarket. But it was in the 1700s that horseracing really took off. Queen Anne was a huge fan of the sport, establishing the Royal Ascot. On the founding of the Jockey Club in 1750, the ‘Rules of Racing’ were systematically enforced at competitions across the country. Yearly meetings at Hampton Racecourse – the site which would later become Hurst Park – were recorded as early as 1814.
The wooden toy (top middle) bucks the trend of the other souvenirs of its day by portraying a standing horse. Depictions of horses in motion, like the print (top left) were far more common. John Skeaping worked in the early to mid 1900s, sculpting animals for Wedgewood as well as painting them.
The growing fashion for horseracing memorabilia cemented the sport’s place in British culture by capturing popular imagination. As the Surrey Comet reports, it was in this environment of ‘bustle and excitement’ that Elmbridge’s racecourses opened their doors, demonstrated by the ‘Oatlands Racecard’ in Elmbridge Museum's collection. Dating from 1826, it is one of the earliest examples we have of horseracing in the borough. By 1875, Sandown Park had opened its doors to an enthusiastic public, and just 15 years later, in 1890, Hurst Park came into existence.
Racing was still an exclusive activity. Sandown’s perimeter was fully enclosed by a fence, allowing organisers to keep lower class ‘undesirables’ out by charging high entry fees. Likewise, the Hurst Park Club Syndicate which had been formed prior to the construction of the racecourse were all exceedingly wealthy, prominent gentlemen in the late 19th Century world. The elaborate club badges and photos demonstrate this selective audience (top right and bottom row).
DID YOU KNOW?
Sandown was the first racecourse to have a private members’ enclosure.
ASk The Expert: Interview With a Horseracing Historian
To gain some expert insight into Elmbridge's racing history, we interviewed horseracing historian Stewart Nash. Stewart has previously given lectures at Molesey Local History Society and is author of 'Plumpton: An illustrated history of Plumpton Racecourse, 1884-2000'.
In the video below - the first of three - we look at the beginnings of horseracing at Sandown and Hurst Park Racecourses, and the early development of the sport in general. Watch out for videos two and three further down the page!
'Hurdles'. Clockwise from top left: Two photographs of the remains of Hurst Park Grandstand after Suffragette arson, June 1913; Copy of black and white illustration from article about "The skeleton of Eclipse", c.1790; Horse jawbone, demonstrating the scale that the skeleton of Eclipse would have been; Royal Army Service Corps Sandown meeting programme, 1920.
One warm summer night in June 1913, Elmbridge’s sky was lit up with flames. Hurst Park had become the latest victim in Britain’s developing conflict surrounding women’s suffrage.
The fire at Hurst Park formed part of a string of similar Suffragette attacks at venues across the UK, in their campaign for the female vote. Harold Hewitt ran in front of horses at Ascot brandishing a pistol a matter of weeks later and, most tragically, Emily Davison had died the day before the Hurst Park fire after trying to pin a Suffragette flag to the leading horse at the Epsom Derby.
Females were blocked from purchasing membership to the Hurst Park club at this time, just as they were largely excluded from the wider horseracing sphere. This, along with the attempt to avenge Emily Davison's death, may have been part of the reason that Hurst Park was targeted.
Along with accomplice Clara Giveen, experienced arsonist and radical Suffragette Kitty Marion was convicted of setting fire to the grandstand. The damage depicted (top left and middle) took five fire crews to extinguish, and cost an enormous £7000 to repair. Remarkably, the racecourse was back to normal use just 6 weeks later despite extensive damage to the stands, kitchens and dining room. Just 23 years after opening, Hurst Park had narrowly escaped ruin. The repaired grandstand is visible in the photo to the top right, taken in 1950 around 40 years after the fire.
Suffragette violence was not the only challenge - Hurst Park had made losses of roughly £2,300 before expanding to include flat racing in 1891. Both parks also faced a temporary pause in activity due to the First World War. The programme above (bottom left) is from one of the first meetings after the end of the war, marking a return to normality after Sandown had been used to grow crops and as a base for the Royal Engineers and Welsh Guards from 1914-18.
Eclipse was one of the earliest celebrity horses. He rocketed to notoriety in 1770 after winning 18 races in just 17 months, with records testifying that he could cover 25 metres a second. The article at bottom right demonstrates the relic status of his remains after his death in 1789.
The left jawbone also gives an idea of the scale of Eclipse, every inch of which was examined by experts keen to discover the secret to his success. The Eclipse Stakes at Sandown Park was famously named in the star’s honour, and it is thought that 95% of thoroughbreds are descended from Eclipse, with many of his relatives seeing success racing in Elmbridge.
DID YOU KNOW?
The Jockey Club only began granting women licences as trainers in 1966.
Ask The Expert
In the second video below, we ask historian Stewart Nash about some of the challenges faced by horseracing at Sandown and Hurst Park Racecourses throughout their history, including the effects of the First and Second World Wars; Suffragette militancy and the struggle for gender equality in racing. Watch out for the third and final video further down this page!
Interview with a Horseracing Historian: Hurdles (video 2). Watch our 'Ask the Expert' interview with historian Stewart Nash.
'The Home Straight'. Clockwise from top left: Two photographs of the Queen and Princess Elizabeth at Hurst Park, c.1950; Brown leather riding boots with canvas leg covers - belonged to the vet and jockey Boyce Barrow (1847-1939); Front and back cover of Sandown's official Centenary Day Racecard, 25th April 1975; Front cover of Sandown's Trafalgar's Day Racecard, 17th June 1978; Front cover of Sandown's Coral Eclipse Stakes Racecard, 8th July 1978.
THE HOME STRAIGHT
As the 20th Century went on, the exclusivity which had made racecourses a target for protest gradually disappeared. Although still expensive, the popular pastime gradually became more inclusive with the introduction of female memberships to the Hurst Park club in the 1930s. For both racecourses, the late 1900s would bring widespread press, regular royal visits, further successes and struggles - and would end with one even shutting its doors for good.
The Royal Family were often seen at both Hurst Park and Sandown in the mid– to late-1900s. The Queen Mother proved one of the most prominent patrons of the sport, with a total of over 500 race winners. Royal visits attracted masses of press attention, and it is likely that the above photos (top left and middle) were taken during the royals’ 1950 visit to the Hurst Park Queen Elizabeth Chase, where the Queen Mother's first horse, Monaveen, won the race.
THE FINISHING LINE
Both racecourses survived a 1930s decline. At this time, brown riding boots became more common than traditional black due to a reduction in formal racing - the brown boots to the top right belonged to the jockey Boyce Barrow. Both courses were involved in the Second World War, with the Royal Engineers mobilising at Hurst Park and the Welsh Guards based at Sandown. Despite enduring and surviving a second war, Hurst Park finally closed in October 1962 after being sold to property developers.
Unlike its unlucky neighbour, Sandown continued to thrive. After a huge refurbishment in 1972, the racecourse celebrated its centenary with a series of races in 1975. It continues to prosper as a venue for horseracing, concerts, and many other large events today.
DID YOU KNOW?
In 1947, Sandown became widely known as the first racecourse to have a race shown live on television.
ASK THE EXPERT
In this video - the final instalment of three - we talk to historian Stewart Nash about the most recent years of horseracing at Sandown and Hurst Park Racecourses, including their post-war recovery, famous Royal visitors, some personal memories, and the reasons for Hurst Park's eventual closure.
Interview with a Horseracing Historian: The Home Straight (video 3). Watch our final 'Ask the Expert' interview with historian Stewart Nash.
FROM THE ARCHIVE: SANDOWN AND HURST PARK IN PICTURES
A picture can speak a thousand words, so take a look through the lens of some of Elmbridge Museum's best historic photos of Sandown and Hurst Park in this online photo album, and gain a glimpse into the development of the two racecourses throughout the ages.
Sandown and Hurst Park Photo Album
COMING SOON: 'HIDDEN TREASURES' OBJECT VIDEO
Keep an eye out for our latest object video, which explores the hidden horseracing treasures in Elmbridge Museum's archive! Coming soon to this online exhibition page.
ACTIVITY: HORSERACING WORD-SEARCH
Can you find the horseracing-related words in this word-search? All 10 words feature somewhere on this page!